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Costa Rica:+506-2670-1750

Even though Costa Rica is a small country, it has immense biological

 diversity and varied habitats due to its geographical position – it is a land where two hemispheres and two oceans meet and the terrain quite diverse.  This makes for an array of stunning views for travelers. There is a chain of mountains that forms a backbone running the length of Costa Rica.  It begins in the north with the Guanacaste "Cordillera" (mountain range), and continues with the Tilarán Cordillera (where Monteverde and Arenal are located), and the Central Cordillera (Irazú, Poás, Braulio Carrillo), before ending at the southern Talamanca Cordillera (which is the highest in the country)

  • While the Pacific coastline is almost 780 miles (1,254 km) long, the Caribbean coast only stretches 132 miles (212 km).  Two hilly peninsulas (the Osa Peninsula and the Nicoya Peninsula) can be found on the Pacific coast.  There are two large gulfs, and many small coves and bays.  Two major commercial ports are located on the Pacific: Puntarenas and Puerto Caldera. On the Caribbean, there is a natural harbour in Moín, located in the area of Limón.  It is the largest area of lowland plains (about one-fifth of the area of Costa Rica), which runs from the northern coastline almost all the way to Limón
  • Costa Rica lies in the tropics, between 8 and 11 degrees north of the equator.  You can expect moderate temperatures but the rugged mountain chains’ effect on factors such as wind and rain create many microclimates.  Most people are surprised to learn that frost and ice can settle on some of the loftier peaks, such as Chirripó.  Temperatures are somewhat higher on the Pacific side than on the Caribbean at the same elevation because clouds are more frequent.  At sea level on either side, the annual average is always above 75°F (24°C).  Some of the highest peaks average 54°F (12°C), though temperatures there can fall below freezing.
  • There is no spring or fall in Costa Rica.  The seasons are called “verano” (summer) and “invierno” (winter).  Summer is also called the dry season and stretches from December to April while the rainy season, or winter, lasts from May to November. However, temperatures vary from night to day more than between seasons. The difference in daily temperatures averages 14°F to 18°F (8°C to 10°C). From November to January, cool breezes from the north funnel through the mountains of North America causing a small drop in temperature. This is one of the few countries in the world in which polar air gets this close to the equator. The warmest months are March, April, and May, and the wettest months are September and October. Rainfall varies from less than 59 inches (1,500mm) to over 190 inches (4,800mm) during these months.  The country's average rainfall pattern is in the range of 79 to 158 inches (2,000 to 4,000 mm). Precipitation can come in the form of a tropical downpour with impressive lightning and thunder (“aguacero”), steady rain or, the least common, continuous light rain for several days (“temporal”).
  • Even in the rainy season, it does not rain all day, every day.  The rain usually begins in the early afternoon in the Central Valley and other highland areas and later in the afternoon it reaches the Pacific lowlands.  Each season has its own beauty and unique characteristics.  In the rainy season the wealth of flora is plentiful and copiously vibrant.  The dry season witnesses the flowering of orchids, bougainvilleas, “reina de la noche” (queen of the night), as well as beautiful colourful trees that only flower at this time
  • Costa Rica boasts the highest percentage (25%) of protected areas in the world: Forest Reserves, Biological Reserves, Nature Shelters and, of course, National Parks. This is another reason why many Europeans and North Americans have made this land their home and currently comprise around 1% of the total Costa Rican population.

National Parks

1 Santa Rosa
2 Guanacaste
3 Rincón de la Vieja
4 Las Baulas
5 Palo Verde
6 Barra Hondo
7 Arenal
8 Volcán Poás
9 Braulio Carrillo
10 Volcán Irazú
11 Guayabo
12 Tortuguero
13 Cahuita
14 La Amistad
15 Chirripó
16 Manuel Antonio
17 Marino Ballena
18 Corcovado

Biological Reserves are listed on regional maps.


Costa Rica is a Central American success story: since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred its democratic development. Although still a largely agricultural country, it has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism sectors. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread.

Costa Rica is the second smallest country in Central America after El Salvador. The country lies between Nicaragua and Panama, and has coastlines on the Caribbean and the Pacific. A low, thin line of hills between Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific is prolonged into northern Costa Rica, broadening and rising into high and rugged mountains in the centre and south. The capital city, San Jose, lies in a central basin set in these highlands.

Costa Rica's basically stable economy depends on tourism, agriculture, and electronics exports. Poverty has been substantially reduced over the past 15 years, and a strong social safety net has been put into place. Foreign investors remain attracted by the country's political stability and high education levels, and tourism continues to bring in foreign exchange.

Tel. USA: +1-646-652-6430;

Tel. Costa Rica: +506-2670-1750;

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